At the global level (UNHCR and State asylum procedures combined), the TPR was 49 per cent – i.e. the percentage of substantive decisions that resulted in any form of international protection. This rate is substantially lower than in 2016 when it stood at 60 per cent but still higher than in years prior to 2014 [Figure 16]. At this time, global rates are indicative, as some States have not yet reported the relevant data. Among countries of asylum with more than 1,000 substantive decisions, protection rates vary greatly, and some countries had very low figures: Gabon, Israel, Japan, Pakistan, and Republic of Korea all had a TPR of below 10 per cent. Japan stands out as having a particularly low TPR with under 100 positive decisions out of 12,900 decisions made, resulting in a TPR of under 1 per cent.